Rules of Solitaire
Solitaire is a game most of us have played at some time and it still remains a popular favourite - here we have versions of this game made with beautiful wooden boards and eye-catching pieces.
Solitaire isn't a game at all really - it's a puzzle which has baffled the best of minds for centuries. It was first invented by a French nobleman in the Bastille to while away the hours.
See also: Solitaire Games.
The game of Solitaire is most commonly played on a 33 point board (as pictured above left) in a cross shape with 32 pegs, marbles or pieces. In France and Sweden a 37 point board is more common with 36 pegs, marbles or pieces.
Solitaire can also be played on other shapes of board - two of the most interesting are a 41 point board (take the 33 point board and add 3 extra points at the 4 ends of the cross) and the 45 point board (take the 37 point board and add a single point in the middle of each of the 4 square ends - to makes a square).
Preparation and Objective
The game is set up so that pieces fill every hole except the middle hole.
The objective is to remove every piece except one, with the final piece ending up in the centre hole. Solitaire is played by one person and is therefore technically not a game at all, but a puzzle.
The player makes successive capturing moves, removing a single piece each turn until is it impossible to make any more capturing moves.
Each turn, the player captures a piece by jumping over that piece orthogonally (not diagonally) from one adjacent point to the vacant adjacent point on the other side.
Therefore, the first turn can be made only by jumping a piece into the middle hole from one of 4 possible points.
Once you have mastered the basic game, target a different hole as the hole that the final piece should finish in. You can also aim to get certain patterns of pieces left over.
Interestingly, it has been deduced that the 37 point board is less complex than the 33 point board.
These rules are provided by Masters Traditional Games, an Internet shop selling quality traditional games, pub games and unusual games. For general information or for copying and copyright, see our Rules Information page.
Our rules are comprehensive instructions for friendly play. If in doubt, always abide by locally-played or house rules.
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